Особенности употребления to have sth done

Давайте взглянем на 2 рисунка и найдём их отличие:

to do vs to have sth done

На первом женщина красит картину, а на втором — красят для женщины. Конструкция to have sth done используется именно для демонстрации, что действие выполняется для кого-то. Именно вторая картинка, чётко демонстрирует необходимость to have sth done. Ведь красят для женщины, ей нужен результат, а исполнением занимается кто-то другой, зачастую, именно профессионал.


Выражение to have sth done демонстрирует весомое отличие нашего взаимопонимания от англичан. Более подробное описание по этой ссылке.

Have + object + past participle (V3)

Особенность употребления конструкции является необходимость разрыва грамматической структуры основным объектом.

Например:

  • She didn’t cut her hair herself. (Она не стригла свои волосы сама.)She had her hair cut. (Она подстриглась.) Основным объектом выступает her hair, которое разрывает had и глагол.


Основным глаголом конструкции является – to have (иногда в неформальных ситуациях может заменяться на to get). И именно to have демонстрирует временные рамки. То есть, если ситуация происходит в данный момент, то to have превращается в be (am/is/are) having или в прошедшем времени в had.

Рассмотрим все временные варианты:


В первой колонке – название времени, во второй — форма в активном состояние (стандартная форма времени), в третьей — вариация to have sth done в соответствии с временем.
Как вы уже заметили, в отличие от разных времен мы меняем только форму to haveобъект и past participle (глагол в 3 форме) остаются неизменными.
Отрицание и вопрос мы делаем с помощью обычного вспомогательного глагола для конкретного времени.

Present Simple

I have my car repaired every day.
I don’t have my car repaired every day.
Do you have your car repaired every day?

Present Continuous

+ We are having our car repaired now.
– We aren’t having our car repaired now.
? Are we having our car repaired now?

Past Simple

+ She had her car repaired yesterday.
– She didn’t have her car repaired yesterday.
? Did she have her car repaired yesterday?

Past Continuous

+ They were having their car repaired at 5 pm yesterday.
– They weren’t having their car repaired at 5 pm yesterday.
? Were they having their car repaired at 5 pm yesterday.

Future Simple

+ He will have his car repaired tomorrow.
– He won’t have his car repaired tomorrow.
? Will he have his car repaired tomorrow?

Future Continuous

+ He will be having his car repaired at 7am tomorrow.
– He won’t be having his car repaired at 7am tomorrow.
? Will he be having his car repaired at 7am tomorrow?

Present Perfect

+ He has had his car repaired.
– He hasn’t had his car repaired.
? Has he had his car repaired?

Present Perfect Continuous

+ She has been having her car repaired.
– She hasn’t been having her car repaired.
? Has she been having her car repaired?

Past Perfect

+ He had had his car repaired.
– He hadn’t had his car repaired.
? Had he had his car repaired?

Past Perfect Continuous

+ She had been having her car repaired.
– She hadn’t been having her car repaired.
? Had she been having her car repaired?

Infinitive/modals

+ I must have my car repaired.
– I mustn’t have my car repaired.
? Must you have your car repaired?

Это главные особенности употребления to have sth done, которые помогут Вам грамотно и корректно доносить информацию и понимать собеседника! Не забывайте о весомой разнице взаимопонимания!

Photo by Lala Azizli on Unsplash